“Some say chocolate promotes pimples, others say food choices don’t cause breakouts. The fact is that the right diet and choice of product can have a positive effect on health and the appearance of the skin.”
One of the most frequently asked questions about skin care is “How to treat acne prone skin?” Regular cleansing with the right skin care products is an essential part of your acne-prone skin care routine. It's important to get rid of oil and impurities morning and night, otherwise they can clog pores and become a breeding ground for bacteria. This allows your skin to regenerate naturally and reduce the risk of new flare-ups.
How do blackheads and pimples develop?
In order to understand what properties a good face cream against pimples must have, you should first know how oily skin and how blackheads and pimples develop:
Stage 1: Micro-inflammation
According to the latest scientific findings, the trigger for acne is micro-inflammation in the skin that is not visible to the naked eye. These small inflammations start the acne process.
Stage 2: Seborrhea
This means that the skin produces more sebum, mostly due to hormonal changes.
Stage 3: Hyperkeratosis and plug formation
At the same time, the outer layer of skin thickens and dead skin cells are not shed quickly enough. This clogs the sebum ducts and leads to open and closed comedones, i.e. blackheads and pimples.
Stage 4: Visible inflammation/ Acne
The overproduction of sebum and the reduced drainage from the sebaceous gland create ideal growth conditions for bacteria there. Cutibacterium acnes in particular can spread easily. The immune system reacts to the resulting bacterial breakdown products: inflammation occurs, which becomes visible as reddened pimples.
Important: You should not squeeze pimples and blackheads. Squeezing can intensify the condition of the skin and promote the formation of acne scars and pimple marks.
Appropriate skin care for acne - creams and cleansing products
Acne creams, lotions, gels, facial tonics, tonics, peelings, moisturizers, and cover sticks, anyone looking for cleansing and care products for acne and impure skin will usually find themselves faced with a very large range. And many of these products against acne and blemished skin can be helpful - but how do you recognize them?
When choosing suitable acne or cleaning products, you should make sure that the products have certain properties that suit the needs of the skin. You can usually find this on the packaging.
The following medical active ingredients are mainly used in dermatological acne treatment:
> Salicylic Acid
Salicylic acid occurs naturally in various plants and protects them from viruses, bacteria and fungi. For skin care products, salicylic acid is both extracted from white willow bark and manufactured synthetically. In addition to pain-relieving and calming properties, it also has a corneal-dissolving effect. Therefore, salicylic acid is particularly good for reducing the signs of blemishes and acne.
Niacinamide, or vitamin B3, is involved in many metabolic processes in the entire organism. It can have a positive effect on the skin's ability to regenerate and help regulate sebum production. Niacinamide also has a soothing effect on the skin and through these properties can reduce the signs of blemishes and acne.
> Azelaic acid
Azelaic acid is obtained from wheat or barley yeast and has been used in dermatology for over 20 years against mild skin imperfections, and hyperpigmentation (pigment spots). The acid has a strong anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and horn-dissolving effect and works like a gentle peeling that refines the skin's surface and can thus also support the fading of hyperpigmentation.
> Vitamin A acid
Vitamin A acid has a comedolytic (dissolving blackheads), keratolytic (dissolving cornifications) and anti-inflammatory (inflammation inhibiting) effect. In addition, it can reduce the production of sebum (skin fat), reduce pores and stimulate cell renewal through increased collagen and elastin formation.
> Benzoyl Peroxide (BPO)
Benzoyl peroxide (BPO) has an anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect, since reactive oxygen is released after application to the skin and this increase in oxygen can reduce the number of bacteria in the upper layers of the skin. BPO is often combined with other active ingredients, as this allows the best possible effect to develop.
Tip: For sunbathing, sun protection should be an integral part of your care routine to protect the skin from the effects of harmful UV radiation. Ideally, choose a sunscreen specifically formulated for oily or acne-prone skin.